Keeping the Human in the loop in the Digital ATM Era

Project final results presentation and demos

The STRESS Final Workshop Keeping the Human in the loop in the Digital ATM Era” was kindly hosted by ENAC (Ecole Nationale de l’Aviation Civile) on May 31, 2018 in Toulouse (France).

The event

The event summarised the main outcomes of the work carried out respectively within STRESSMOTO and TACO projects.


Presenters from the STRESS and MOTO projects, along with representatives from European air traffic control organisations, explored the topic of “How the roles and tasks of ATCOs will change in the future with increased information complexity and higher automation levels”.


Research highlights addressed the right balance between human and automation, taking into account the continuous improvement of human performance, in high performing operational scenarios such as the Remote Tower Operations.


demonstration session was carried out in the afternoon, and consisted in the presentation of STRESS, MOTO and TACO validation environments and selected prototypes. This session provided a unique opportunity to see potential cross-fertilisation initiatives. The lessons learnt and future needs for closer integration of automation design and human factors research were a focal point of the discussions.


We were also very happy to host a keynote speaker: Jean Louis Garcia from French Civil Aviation.



Stakeholders provided positive feedback on the project results, and also gave advice for the application of the STRESS approach. In particular, they highlighted that the mental state measurement toolbox developed by STRESS could be applied at several ATM organizational levels, as follows:


  • As a training tool, to assess the level of expertise and feed debriefings
  • As an automation evaluation tool, useful to assess new systems from a Human Performance perspective
  • For research in the area of safety
  • In operations, to support workers in difficult situations (stress, overload, fatigue, etc)


This feedback will be taken onboard by STRESS to design possible follow-up research activities.


On the other hand, they highlighted as possible drawbacks:


  • The neurophysiological measurement equipment dress-up process (too long, intrusive)
  • A possible misuse of measurements results (for hiring or discrimination)


These will be taken into consideration by STRESS as recommendations and lessons learnt.


Below the detailed agenda, including the links to the presentations.


Audience Composition


  • Future automation
  • Real time neurophysiological assessment of stress, attention, workload, vigilance and sense of presence
  • How to ensure the right balance between humans and automation
  • New tools for future en-route controllers
  • Multimodal remote tower environment and Virtual Reality
  • Artificial intelligence for airport operations


The event started at 9 and finished at 17. Below you can find the agenda of the day.

Time Description Presenter
08:30 – 09:00 Welcome coffee and registration
09:00 – 09:20 1 – Presentation of the agenda and objectives of the event Stefano Bonelli &

Ana Ferreira

(Deep Blue)
Railane Benhacene

09:20 – 09:50 2 – Keynote speech – Introducing automation in air traffic management why and how Jean-Louis GARCIA

(Aviation Civile)

09:50 – 10:20 3 – Human Performance Neurometrics Toolbox For Highly Automated Systems Design – STRESS project outcomes: objective assessment of automation impact on Human Performance  Stefano Bonelli

(Deep Blue)

10:20 – 10:45 Coffee break
10:45 – 11:15 4 – The Embodied Remote Tower – MOTO project outcomes: multimodal interaction for enhancing controllers’ performances Michela Terenzi

(Deep Blue)

11:15 – 11: 30 5 – Take Control – TACO project outcomes: user programming enhances controllers’ engagement in highly automated airport environments Stéphane Conversy


11:30 – 12:30 6 – Neurometrics for HP assessment in ATM Gianluca Borghini

(Sapienza University)

12:30 – 13:30 Lunch
13:30 – 14:00 7 – Future automations vision & data visualization research perspective Jean-Paul Imbert & Christophe Hurter (ENAC)
14:00 – 14:15 Introduction to DEMOS Ana Ferreira

(Deep Blue)

14:15 – 15:30 DEMOS

·         Future automation for en-route controllers (STRESS)

·         Immersive multi-modal remote tower experience (MOTO)

·         On demand automation for airport operations optimization (TACO)

15:30 – 16:00 Interactive session: collective feedback from audience on the projects DEMOS Ana Ferreira

(Deep Blue)

16:00 – 16:30 Closing statement + Networking aperitif

Video Summary


 31 May 2018

9:00 – 17:00


ENAC – École nationale de l’aviation civile

7 Avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France

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